Crystallization behavior of silica-calcium phosphate biocomposites: XRD and FTIR studies.

C. Q. Ning, Y. Greish, A. El-Ghannam

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48 Citations (Scopus)


Silica and calcium phosphates (CaP) are the most important ingredients in bioactive materials that bond to bone and enhance bone tissue formation. In this study, silica-calcium phosphate (SiO2-CaP) composites were developed by powder metallurgy method, using silica (SiO2) and anhydrous dicalcium phosphate (CaHPO4) powders (CaP) in the ratios (wt%): 20/80, 40/60, 60/40 and 80/20. The effects of temperature and chemical composition on crystallization and phase transformation of the SiO2-CaP composites were evaluated by XRD and FTIR. Thermal treatment of the starting material suggested that CaHPO4 transforms into: gamma-Ca2P2O7 at 800 degrees C; beta-Ca2P2O7 at 1000 degrees C and alpha-Ca2P2O7 at 1200 degrees C. On the other hand, beta-quartz was the only detected phase after thermal treatment of silica in the temperature range 800-1200 degrees C. For all SiO2-CaP composites, SiO2 and CaP did not modify the crystallization behavior of each other when sintered in the temperature range 800-1000 degrees C. However, at 1200 degrees C, CaP promoted the transformation of gamma-quartz into alpha-cristobalite. Moreover, SiO2 stabilized beta-Ca2P2O7. The modifications in the crystallization behavior were related to ion substitution and formation of solid solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1227-1235
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of materials science. Materials in medicine
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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