Cutaneous Injection of Resiniferatoxin Completely Alleviates and Prevents Nerve-Injury-Induced Neuropathic Pain

Hayate Javed, Aishwarya Mary Johnson, Anil Kumar Challagandla, Bright Starling Emerald, Safa Shehab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fifth lumbar (L5) nerve injury in rodent produces neuropathic manifestations in the corresponding hind paw. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cutaneous injection of resiniferatoxin (RTX), a TRPV1 receptor agonist, in the rat’s hind paw on the neuropathic pain induced by L5 nerve injury. The results showed that intraplantar injection of RTX (0.002%, 100 µL) (1) completely reversed the development of chronic thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity; (2) completely prevented the development of nerve-injury-induced thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity when applied one week earlier; (3) caused downregulation of nociceptive pain markers, including TRPV1, IB4 and CGRP, and upregulation of VIP in the ipsilateral dorsal horn of spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) immunohistochemically and a significant reduction in the expression of TRPV1 mRNA and protein in the ipsilateral DRG using Western blot and qRT-PCR techniques; (4) caused downregulation of PGP 9.5- and CGRP-immunoreactivity in the injected skin; (5) produced significant suppression of c-fos expression, as a neuronal activity marker, in the spinal neurons in response to a second intraplantar RTX injection two weeks later. This work identifies the ability of cutaneous injection of RTX to completely alleviate and prevent the development of different types of neuropathic pain in animals and humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4049
JournalCells
Volume11
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • DRG
  • TRPV1
  • cutaneous injection
  • nerve injury
  • neuropathic pain
  • resiniferatoxin
  • spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

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