Cyber-physical system model based on multi-agent system

Maqbol Ahmed, Okba Kazar, Saad Harous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Integrating physical processes with computational components creates cyber-physical systems (CPS) that seamlessly interact between the physical and digital worlds. The cyber-physical system has become an interesting research area and an attractive application domain, especially in industry based on the big advantages of this new paradigm. All companies are trying to use this model to control the real industry sector by integrating the cyber system. Many solutions were proposed however, they were not entirely satisfactory. This research proposes a novel CPS model based on Multi-Agent Systems (MAS). This model takes advantage of MAS's collaborative and distributed nature to improve CPS's performance and functionality. Therefore, this model offers a flexible and scalable approach to the development and management of intricate, and interwoven CPSs. The research focuses on developing a CPS model, that encompasses nine layers: the physical agent, security agent, computation agent, decision-making agent, control agent, communication agent, resilience agent, maintenance agent, and application agent layer. The MAS framework is employed to overcome the challenges associated with CPS design, such as coordination, dependability, maintainability, robustness, security, control etc. The results of this exploration are significant in their contribution to the advancement of CPS modelling by utilising Multi-Agent Systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIET Cyber-Physical Systems: Theory and Applications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • cyber-physical systems
  • multi-agent systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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