Thiophenes have been treated with alkynes in the presence of m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid to give substituted arenes as cycloadducts. Alternatively, thiophene S-oxides have been prepared by oxidation from thiophenes and have been subjected to cycloaddition with alkynes in a subsequent step. The outcome of the reaction is dependent on the steric demand of the thiophene S-oxide. Some thiophene S-oxides can be reacted at temperatures as high as 140°C without decomposition. Thiophenes as deoxygenated products are the main by-products. Reactions of thiophene S-oxides with allenes give in part thiabicyclo[2.2.1]heptene S-oxides of type 12a and 13 along with aromatized products. Thiophene S-oxides also cycloadd to benzyne.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry