Dairy Milk Protein–Derived Bioactive Peptides: Avengers Against Metabolic Syndrome

Pankaj Koirala, Merina Dahal, Sampurna Rai, Milan Dhakal, Nilesh Prakash Nirmal, Sajid Maqsood, Fahad Al-Asmari, Athisaya Buranasompob

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose of Review: Metabolic syndrome is continuously increasing among the world’s populations. Metabolic syndrome is a medical condition in which individuals suffer from high blood pressure, high blood glucose levels, and obesity. The in vitro and in vivo bioactivities of dairy milk protein–derived peptides (MPDP) have proven their potential as an excellent natural alternative to the current medical treatment for metabolic syndrome. In this context, the review discussed the major protein source of dairy milk and provides current knowledge on the novel and integrated approach to MPDP production. A detailed comprehensive discussion is provided on the current state of knowledge regarding the in vitro and in vivo bioactivities of MPDP against metabolic syndrome. In addition, the most important aspect of digestive stability, allergenicity, and further directions for MPDP application is provided. Recent Findings: The major proteins found in milk are casein and whey, while a minor portion of serum albumin and transferrin are reported. Upon gastrointestinal digestion or enzymatic hydrolysis, these proteins produce peptides with various biological activities including antioxidative, antiinflammatory, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and antihypercholesterolemic, which could help in ameliorating metabolic syndrome. Summary: Bioactive MPDP has the potential to curtail metabolic syndrome and potentially act as a safe replacement for chemical drugs with fewer side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-326
Number of pages19
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • Bioactivities
  • Dairy milk
  • Health benefits
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Peptide
  • Protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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