Date pomace polysaccharide: ultrasonic-assisted deep eutectic solvent extraction, physicochemical properties, biological activities, gut microbiota modulation, and rheological properties

Gafar Babatunde Bamigbade, Athira Jayasree Subhash, Mohammed Tarique, Basel al-Ramadi, Basim Abu-Jdayil, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Laura Nyström, Mutamed Ayyash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study utilized ultrasonication-assisted green extraction techniques to explore the physicochemical, rheological, biological, and prebiotic properties, alongside gut modulation abilities of novel polysaccharides extracted from date pomace. The extraction aimed at enhancing the utilization of date pomace, a by-product of date fruit processing, by investigating its potential as a functional food ingredient. The research focused on optimizing the extraction process, understanding the complex structure of the polysaccharides, and assessing their various health-related functionalities. Results: The ultrasonically extracted polysaccharides (UPS) were identified as a mixture of significant bioactive compounds including galacturonic acid, galactose, glucose, arabinose, and fructose, showcasing a high molecular weight of 537.7 kDa. The study found that UPS exhibited outstanding antioxidant activities, with scavenging abilities ranging from 59 to 82% at a concentration of 1000 mg/L. Additionally, UPS demonstrated potent inhibitory effects on α-amylase (83%), α-glucosidase (81%), and ACE-inhibition (45%), alongside strong antiproliferative activities against Caco-2 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines and broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. Remarkably, UPS also enhanced the abundance of beneficial gut microbiota, including Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria, during in vitro fermentations and positively modulated gut metabolic pathways, promoting the production of major short-chain fatty acids. UPS had higher abundance in pathways related to cofactors, vitamins, electron carriers, and prosthetic groups biosynthesis compared to blank. Conclusions: The findings affirm the potential of UPS extracted from date pomace as an innovative and promising functional food ingredient. Its high molecular weight, complex sugar composition, significant antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiproliferative activities, and prebiotic properties make it a valuable resource for promoting health and managing diseases. This study paves the way for further research on the bioavailability and physiological effects of UPS in vivo, highlighting the importance of sustainable utilization of agricultural by-products in developing functional foods that support human health. Graphical Abstract: (Figure presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Article number79
JournalChemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Agro-industrial waste
  • Functional food
  • Heteropolysaccharides
  • Prebiotics
  • Probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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