Deep learning-based concrete defects classification and detection using semantic segmentation

Palisa Arafin, AHM Muntasir Billah, Anas Issa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Visual damage detection of infrastructure using deep learning (DL)-based computational approaches can facilitate a potential solution to reduce subjectivity yet increase the accuracy of the damage diagnoses and accessibility in a structural health monitoring (SHM) system. However, despite remarkable advances with DL-based SHM, the most significant challenges to achieving the real-time implication are the limited available defects image databases and the selection of DL networks depth. To address these challenges, this research has created a diverse dataset with concrete crack (4087) and spalling (1100) images and used it for damage condition assessment by applying convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithms. CNN-classifier models are used to identify different types of defects and semantic segmentation for labeling the defect patterns within an image. Three CNN-based models—Visual Geometry Group (VGG)19, ResNet50, and InceptionV3 are incorporated as CNN-classifiers. For semantic segmentation, two encoder-decoder models, U-Net and pyramid scene parsing network architecture are developed based on four backbone models, including VGG19, ResNet50, InceptionV3, and EfficientNetB3. The CNN-classifier models are analyzed on two optimizers—stochastic gradient descent (SGD), root mean square propagation (RMSprop), and learning rates—0.1, 0.001, and 0.0001. However, the CNN-segmentation models are analyzed for SGD and adaptive moment estimation, trained with three different learning rates—0.1, 0.01, and 0.0001, and evaluated based on accuracy, intersection over union, precision, recall, and F1-score. InceptionV3 achieves the best performance for defects classification with an accuracy of 91.98% using the RMSprop optimizer. For crack segmentation, EfficientNetB3-based U-Net, and for spalling segmentation, IncenptionV3-based U-Net model outperformed all other algorithms, with an F1-score of 95.66 and 89.43%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-409
Number of pages27
JournalStructural Health Monitoring
Issue number1
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Concrete defects
  • convolutional neural network
  • encoder-decoder model
  • semantic segmentation
  • structural health monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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