Delignification’s Effect on Microcrystalline Cellulose Obtained from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibres

Najieha Norazli, Nurul Fazita Mohammad Rawi, Owolabi Folahan Abdulwahab Taiwo, Mohamad Haafiz Mohamad Kassim, Mohammad Jawaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of acidified chlorite (NaClO2) and totally chlorine free (TCF) bleaching were evaluated relative to the properties of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) fabricated from oil palm empty fruit bunch fibres (OPEFB). The MCC properties were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) methods, and they were compared with commercial MCC. The results revealed that all MCC belongs to cellulose type 1 and OPEFB-NaClO2-MCC showed a higher crystallinity index than OPEFB-TCF-MCC. The TGA indicated that all MCC samples showed a higher decomposition temperature compared to pure cellulose. However, OPEFB-NaClO2-MCC showed better thermal stability than OPEFB-TCF-MCC. It was clear from SEM images that the different MCC particles had rough surfaces and micro-sized particles. Overall, results confirmed that the obtained MCC samples displayed comparable properties with those of commercial MCC. The MCC produced from OPEFB using NaClO2 is a promising material to prepare high value-added products compared to MCC produced using TCF delignification treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1901-1915
Number of pages15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Acidified chlorite
  • Microcrystalline cellulose
  • Morphological properties
  • Oil palm empty fruit bunch
  • Structural properties
  • Thermal properties
  • Totally chlorine free

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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