Dementia among older adults living in long-term care facilities: An epidemiological study

Daniel Ferreira Fagundes, Marcos Túlio Costa, Bárbara Bispo da Silva Alves, Lara Souza Fernandes Carneiro, Osvaldo Jose Moreira Nascimento, Luana Lemos Leão, André Luiz Sena Guimarães, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Institutionalization has been associated with social isolation, psychological and cognitive changes, and decreased levels of physical activity in older adults. Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and functional dependence in older adults dwelling in two different Brazilian long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 185 older people of both sexes, aged 60 years or over, residing in two LTCFs in the city of Montes Claros-MG, Brazil. The diagnosis of MCI and dementia was performed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Results: Prevalence rates of dementia, MCI, and functional dependence in institutionalized older participants were 62.3, 15.1, and 78.9%, respectively. There was a significant reduction of the Mini-Mental State Examination scores according to the increase of the institutionalization period in LCTFs and the age of older adults (p<0.001). Conclusions: Prevalence of dementia and functional dependence of older adults residing in LTCFs exhibited higher rates compared to the other older population worldwide. A higher institutionalization period is related to a greater cognitive decline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-469
Number of pages6
JournalDementia e Neuropsychologia
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Elderly
  • Homes for the aged
  • Mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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