Detection of butane and propane gases via C2N sensors: first principles modeling

Asma Wasfi, Mawahib Sulieman, Ziad Sefelnasr, Abdulla Alteneiji, Atawulrahman Shafiqurrahman, Ammar Alharairi, Falah Awwad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Gas sensing is a critical research area in aerospace, military, medical, and industrial environments, as it helps prevent risks to human health and the environment caused by toxic gases. Propane and butane, commonly used as fuels in household and industrial settings, are toxic and flammable gases that need to be effectively detected to avoid leakage or explosion accidents. To address this, nanomaterial-based gas sensors are being developed with low power consumption and operating temperatures. In this study, two-dimensional nitrogenated holey graphene (C2N) based sensors are used for the first time for the identification of butane and propane gases. The sensor consists of two C2N electrodes connected via a C2N channel. The C2N sensor design was enhanced by replacing the C2N electrodes with gold electrodes and adding a gate terminal under the channel. The resistive method is employed to detect butane and propane gases by measuring the variation in the electrical conductivity of the sensor due to exposure to these target molecules. To investigate the electronic transport properties, such as transmission spectra, density of states and current, first principles simulations of the C2N-based sensors is conducted using Quantumwise Atomistix Toolkit (ATK). The detection method relies on the alteration of the FET's electrical current at specific gate voltages due to the presence of these gases. This proposed sensor offers the potential for small size and low-cost gas sensing applications. The designed sensor aims to effectively detect propane and butane gases. By leveraging the unique properties of C2N and utilizing advanced simulation tools, this sensor could provide high sensitivity and accuracy in detecting propane and butane gases. Such an advancement in gas sensing technology holds significant promise for ensuring safety in various environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19314
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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