Determinants of Health-Related Quality of Life in Outpatients with Myocardial Infarction

Anan S. Jarab, Razan Z. Mansour, Suhaib Muflih, Walid Al-Qerem, Shrouq R. Abu Heshmeh, Karem H. Alzoubi, Yazid N. Al Hamarneh, Salah Aburuz, Enaam M. Al Momany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) is suboptimal because of the disease’s life-threatening nature, the requirement for long-term lifestyle modifications, and the treatment regimens following MI. This study aimed to evaluate HRQOL and its associated factors in MI patients. Material and Methods: This study was conducted on patients with MI who attended the outpatient cardiology clinic at a major teaching hospital in Jordan. The EQ-5D-3L questionnaire was used to assess HRQOL of the study participants. Quantile regression analysis was conducted to identify the variables associated with HRQOL. Results: The study included 333 patients with a history of MI, with a median age of 58 (57–60). The median of the total EQ-5D score was 0.65 (0.216–0.805). Regression results revealed that male patients (Coefficient= 0.110, 95%Cl (0.022–0.197), P=0.014) and not being diagnosed with diabetes (Coefficient= 0.154, 95%Cl (0.042–0.266), P=0.007) were associated with increased HRQOL. On the other hand, low income (Coefficient= −0.115, 95%Cl (−0.203-−0.026), P=0.011), not receiving DPP-4 (Dipeptidyl Peptidase −4) inhibitors (Coefficient= −0.321 95%Cl (−0.462-−0.180), P<0.001), and having low (Coefficient= −0.271, 95%Cl (−0.395-−0.147), P<0.001) or moderate (Coefficient= −0.123, 95%Cl (−0.202-−0.044), P=0.002) medication adherence was associated with decreased HRQOL. Conclusion: The current study demonstrated diminished HRQOL among patients with MI, highlighting the necessity of tailoring interventions to tackle medication adherence barriers in this population. Personalized interventions such as educational programs, counseling, and reminders that consider each patient’s needs and circumstances can greatly enhance medication adherence and, thus, the HRQOL of MI patients. Individuals with lower income levels, female patients, and those with diabetes should be the specific targets of these interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2133-2145
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EQ-5D
  • factor
  • health-related quality of life
  • Jordan
  • myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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