Determining the Cutoff Points of the 5C Scale for Assessment of COVID-19 Vaccines Psychological Antecedents among the Arab Population: A Multinational Study

Ramy Mohamed Ghazy, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Ramy Shaaban, Iffat Elbarazi, Marwa Shawky Abdou, Ahmed Ramadan, Khalid A. Kheirallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: One of the newly faced challenges during the COVID-19 is vaccine hesitancy (VH). The validated 5C scale, that assesses 5 psychological antecedents of vaccination, could be effective in exploring COVID-19 VH. This study aimed to determine a statistically valid cutoff points for the 5C sub-scales among the Arab population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 446 subjects from 3 Arab countries (Egypt, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan). Information regarding sociodemographics, clinical history, COVID-19 infection and vaccination history, and 5C scale were collected online. The 5C scores were analyzed to define the cutoff points using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and to verify the capability of the questionnaire to differentiate whether responders are hesitant or non-hesitant to accept vaccination. ROC curve analysis was conducted for previous vaccine administration as a response, with the predictors being the main 5 domains of the 5C questionnaire. The mean score of each sub-scale was compared with COVID-19 vaccine intake. Results: The mean age of the studied population was 37 ± 11, 42.9% were males, 44.8% from Egypt, 21.1% from Jordan, and 33.6% from the UAE. Statistically significant differences between vaccinated and unvaccinated participants, respectively, were detected in the median score of confidence [6.0(1.3) versus 4.7(2.0)], complacency [(2.7(2.0) versus 3.0(2.0)], constraints [1.7(1.7) versus 3.7(2.3)], and collective responsibility [6.7(1.7) versus 5.7(1.7)]. The area under the curve of the 5 scales was 0.72, 0.60, 0.76, 0.66, 0.66 for confidence, complacency, constraints, calculation, and collective responsibility at cutoff values of 5.7, 4.7, 6.0, 6.3, and 6.2, respectively. Conclusion: The Arabic validated version of the 5C scale has a good discriminatory power to predict COVID-19 vaccines antecedent.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Primary Care and Community Health
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • 5C
  • Arab
  • AUC
  • COVID-19
  • psychological antecedents
  • ROC
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • vaccine hesitancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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