Development and validation of the Perceived Game-Specific Soccer Competence Scale

Hannele Forsman, Arto Gråstén, Minna Blomqvist, Keith Davids, Jarmo Liukkonen, Niilo Konttinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to create a valid, self-reported, game-specific soccer competence scale. A structural model of perceived competence, performance measures and motivation was tested as the basis for the scale. A total of 1321 soccer players (261 females, 1060 males) ranging from 12 to 15 years (13.4 ± 1.0 years) participated in the study. They completed the Perceived Game-Specific Soccer Competence Scale (PGSSCS), self-assessments of tactical skills and motivation, as well as technical and speed and agility tests. Results of factor analyses, tests of internal consistency and correlations between PGSSCS subscales, performance measures and motivation supported the reliability and validity of the PGSSCS. The scale can be considered a suitable instrument to assess perceived game-specific competence among young soccer players.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1319-1327
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 17 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • game play abilities
  • motivation
  • Perceived competence
  • soccer
  • talent development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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