Dietary supplements usage by elite female football players: an exploration of current practices

Catarina B. Oliveira, Mónica Sousa, Rodrigo Abreu, Ângela Ferreira, Pedro Figueiredo, Vincenzo Rago, Vitor Hugo Teixeira, João Brito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dietary supplements usage (types, reasons for usage, sources of information, purchase venues) among elite female football players, using a self-administered questionnaire. The study participants (n = 103) were recruited through team physicians during an official international tournament. Overall, 82% reported using dietary supplements at least once during the last 12 months. The most common dietary supplements were vitamin D (52%), omega-3 fatty acids (49%), and protein (45%). Primary reasons for dietary supplement use were to stay healthy (66%), to accelerate recovery (58%), and to increase energy/reduce fatigue (54%). Supplement advice came mainly from medical doctors (46%), dietitians/nutritionists (43%), and coaches/fitness coaches (41%). Most dietary supplements were acquired from supplement stores (30%), a sponsor (26%), or drugstores/pharmacies (22%). Elite female football players are frequent dietary supplement users. Further research needs to explore the frequency, dose, and timing of these supplements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • omega-3
  • protein
  • soccer
  • sports nutrition
  • vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary supplements usage by elite female football players: an exploration of current practices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this