In recent years Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) technology has expanded its functionalities in various areas which have further motivated its usage in several emerging manufacturing industries. There are several issues and challenges associated with this technology, especially in dissimilar metal welding (DMW). One of the predominant challenges is selecting appropriate welding parameters which influence the efficiency of this technology. To explore several modern advancements in this expertise, this paper has done an exclusive survey on various standards of GMAW and its variants for selecting suitable parameters for welding dissimilar nonferrous metals. This review summarizes various experimental and numerical results along with related illustrations to highlight the feasibility of welding dissimilar nonferrous metals using traditional GMAW and investigations on advanced GMAW processes such as cold metal transfer (CMT) and pulsed GMAW (P-GMAW). Simulation and modeling of nonferrous DMW have identified several research gaps and modeling problems. Researchers and manufacturers can use this review as a guideline to choose appropriate welding parameters to implement GMAW and its variants for non-ferrous dissimilar welding. It found that by controlling the heat input and effective post-heat treatments, adequate joint properties can be achieved. Automated large-scale manufacturing will widen the utilization scope of GMAW and avoid some costly methods such as laser welding, ultrasonic welding, and friction stir welding etc.
- Advanced gas metal arc welding
- Arc welding
- Non-ferrous dissimilar metal welding
- Numerical modeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Metals and Alloys