Dissimilar non-ferrous metal welding: An insight on experimental and numerical analysis

Jeyaganesh Devaraj, Aiman Ziout, Jaber E.Abu Qudeiri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) technology has expanded its functionalities in various areas which have further motivated its usage in several emerging manufacturing industries. There are several issues and challenges associated with this technology, especially in dissimilar metal welding (DMW). One of the predominant challenges is selecting appropriate welding parameters which influence the efficiency of this technology. To explore several modern advancements in this expertise, this paper has done an exclusive survey on various standards of GMAW and its variants for selecting suitable parameters for welding dissimilar nonferrous metals. This review summarizes various experimental and numerical results along with related illustrations to highlight the feasibility of welding dissimilar nonferrous metals using traditional GMAW and investigations on advanced GMAW processes such as cold metal transfer (CMT) and pulsed GMAW (P-GMAW). Simulation and modeling of nonferrous DMW have identified several research gaps and modeling problems. Researchers and manufacturers can use this review as a guideline to choose appropriate welding parameters to implement GMAW and its variants for non-ferrous dissimilar welding. It found that by controlling the heat input and effective post-heat treatments, adequate joint properties can be achieved. Automated large-scale manufacturing will widen the utilization scope of GMAW and avoid some costly methods such as laser welding, ultrasonic welding, and friction stir welding etc.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1486
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Advanced gas metal arc welding
  • Arc welding
  • Non-ferrous dissimilar metal welding
  • Numerical modeling
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Metals and Alloys


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