Peptide YY (PYY), a thirty-six amino acid intestinal hormonal peptide with a tyrosine residue at each end (hence YY as Y represents tyrosine in the new peptide nomenclature), was found throughout the gastrointestinal tract of the pig. Concentrations were very low in the foregut (antrum, 3.4 ± 0.3 pmol/g; duodenum, 1.1 ± 1.5 pmol/g), higher in the distal small intestine (ileum, 100 ± 13 pmol/g) and very high in the large bowel (descending colon, 270 ± 45 pmol/g). Peptide YY was found to circulate in plasma and concentrations rose substantially in response to eating (fasting, 138 ± 15 pmol/l; postprandial, 263 ± 21 pmol/l; P < 0.001). There was a small but significant portal/arterial gradient in postprandial PYY levels. More than 90% of the immunoreactive PYY in gut extracts eluted, on gel permeation chromatography, in an identical position to pure PYY standard, but small amounts of higher molecular weight material, possibly precursors, were detected. In contrast, plasma from fasting pigs contained a large proportion (60-70%) of these large molecular forms. These findings suggest that the putative pro-PYY may be cleared more slowly from the circulation than the 36 amino acid hormonal peptide. The high concentrations of immunoreactive PYY in the circulation of the young pig may reflect a species difference between pig and man or may indicate an important role for PYY in the developing animal.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism