Do central terminals of intact myelinated primary afferents sprout into the superficial dorsal horn of rat spinal cord after injury to a neighboring peripheral nerve?

Safa Aldeen S. Shehab, Rosemary C. Spike, Andrew J. Todd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to investigate whether normal myelinated primary afferent axons sprout into the territories of adjacent injured peripheral nerve fibers in the superficial dorsal horn of the spinal cord, adult rats underwent either sectioning of the saphenous or femoral nerves on one side, or else unilateral denervation of the skin of the posterior thigh. Two weeks later cholera toxin B subunit (CTb), which is normally transported selectively by myelinated somatic primary afferents, was injected into the ipsilateral (intact) sciatic nerve. The relationship between CTb, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and binding of Bandeiraea simplicifolia isolectin B4 (IB4) was then examined in the ipsilateral dorsal horn of the second to fifth lumbar spinal segments (L2-L5). Sectioning of the femoral or saphenous nerves resulted in a reduction of IB4 binding in laminae I-II in the medial third of the dorsal horn of L2, L3, and the upper part of L4. VIP-immunoreactivity was upregulated in exactly the same regions in which IB4-binding was reduced. These correspond to the areas that were previously innervated by unmyelinated afferents in the sectioned nerves. CTb-labeling was detected in regions known to receive input from myelinated sciatic afferents: lamina I and a band extending from the inner part of lamina II (IIi) to lamina V in the L3-5 segments, and the deepest part of the dorsal horn in L2. Importantly, no CTb-labeling was detected in the outer part of lamina II (IIo) in the denervated areas. Sectioning of branches of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh resulted in a reduction of IB4-binding and upregulation of VIP-immunoreactivity in the lateral part of the superficial dorsal horn of caudal L4 and L5. Again, CTb-immunoreactivity showed the normal sciatic pattern in L4-L5, with no labeling detected in lamina IIo in the denervated region. These results do not support the suggestion that the central terminals of intact myelinated afferents sprout into regions of lamina II occupied by adjacent nerves that have been axotomized peripherally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-437
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume474
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 28 2004

Keywords

  • Axotomy
  • Cholera toxin B subunit
  • IB4
  • Spinal cord
  • Sprouting
  • VIP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Do central terminals of intact myelinated primary afferents sprout into the superficial dorsal horn of rat spinal cord after injury to a neighboring peripheral nerve?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this