Does “Fortress Europe” have an alternative? EU member states between solidarity and national interests

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Abstract

This paper examines the repercussions of the 2015 European migrant/refugee crisis, which culminated with the 2018 dispute between Italy and France. It is concerned with the Dublin Regulation and the New Pact on Asylum and Migration, which are critical to the division and consequent polarizations across the EU. The Member States’ failure to show solidarity and agree to share the burden in relation to the distribution of immigrants and asylum seekers has brought the European integrationist project into question. In addition to considering the general theoretical explanations, the paper also looks into the African-origin migration/displacement as a proper trigger of widespread disagreements among European governments. The deliberate and systematic impoverishment of the local inhabitants - largely through the use of the French Treasurytied Communauté Financière Africaine (CFA) franc - exposes the neo-colonial nature of the current practices and thus jeopardizes all those discourses and policy initiatives focused on the provision of peace and stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-103
Number of pages25
JournalEastern Journal of European Studies
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Dublin Regulation
  • EU
  • Fortress Europe
  • immigration
  • New Pact on Asylum and Migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Political Science and International Relations

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