Effect of Au Plasmonic Material on Poly M-Toluidine for Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Generation from Sewage Water

Ahmed Adel A. Abdelazeez, N. M.A. Hadia, Abdel Hamid I. Mourad, Gehad Abd El-Fatah, Mohamed Shaban, Ashour M. Ahmed, Meshal Alzaid, Nizamudeen Cherupurakal, Mohamed Rabia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study provides H2 gas as a renewable energy source from sewage water splitting reaction using a PMT/Au photocathode. So, this study has a dual benefit for hydrogen generation; at the same time, it removes the contaminations of sewage water. The preparation of the PMT is carried out through the polymerization process from an acid medium. Then, the Au sputter was carried out using the sputter device under different times (1 and 2 min) for PMT/Au-1 min and PMT/Au-2min, respectively. The complete analyses confirm the chemical structure, such as XRD, FTIR, HNMR, SEM, and Vis-UV optical analyses. The prepared electrode PMT/Au is used for the hydrogen generation reaction using Na2S2O3 or sewage water as an electrolyte. The PMT crystalline size is 15 nm. The incident photon to current efficiency (IPCE) efficiency increases from 2.3 to 3.6% (at 390 nm), and the number of H2 moles increases from 8.4 to 33.1 mmol h−1 cm−2 for using Na2S2O3 and sewage water as electrolyte, respectively. Moreover, all the thermodynamic parameters, such as activation energy (Ea ), enthalpy (∆H*), and entropy (∆S*), were calculated; additionally, a simple mechanism is mentioned for the water-splitting reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number768
JournalPolymers
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • Photocatalyst
  • Photoelectrochemical H generation
  • Plasmonic Au nanoparticles
  • Poly(m toluidine)
  • Sewage water
  • Water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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