Effect of bidirectional excitations on seismic response of RC buildings

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6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the effect of the horizontal and vertical components of ground motions (HGM and VGM, respectively) on the seismic response of Reinforced Concrete (RC) buildings designed to modern capacity design principles and located in the vicinity of active faults. Fiber-based analytical models are used to monitor the global and local response of twelve reference structures, including verifying the response modification factor and tracing the member shear supply-demand response using a ductility- and axial force-sensitive shear strength approach. The simulation models are subjected to near-field earthquake records with increasing severity up to collapse, including and excluding VGM. The results indicate that the lower the contribution of horizontal seismic forces to the seismic response, the higher is the significance of VGM. The fluctuation of axial forces in vertical structural members significantly increases when including VGM. This not only has direct consequences on tension and compression response but also has impact on shear capacity. The diverse range of buildings and performance criteria and large number of incremental dynamic analyses confirm the importance of including VGM in seismic design and assessment of contemporary RC buildings, and hence cast doubts on the reliability of pre-code structures located in the vicinity of active faults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1250019
JournalJournal of Earthquake and Tsunami
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012


  • RC buildings
  • Seismic design
  • bidirectional excitation
  • failure modes
  • incremental dynamic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geophysics


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