Effect of cellulose nano fibers and nano clays on the mechanical, morphological, thermal and dynamic mechanical performance of kenaf/epoxy composites

Anish Khan, Abdullah M. Asiri, M. Jawaid, N. Saba, Inamuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present research work has focused on investigating the effect of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) and nano clays (montmorillonite (MMT) & organoclay (OMMT)) at 0.75Wt % on the performance of kenaf/epoxy composites. Mechanical (tensile and flexural) and thermal properties of composites in terms of morphology, thermal stability, weight loss, and dynamic mechanical properties were analyzed. The obtained results revealed that the integration of stiff CNFs as filler enhanced the mechanical and thermal properties, storage and loss modulus while a considerable decrease in Tan δ was realized compared to kenaf/epoxy composites. Enhancement in the properties was observed for OMMT and CNFs composites compared to MMT/kenaf/epoxy composites, which is attributed to the uniform filler distribution and interfacial adhesion between CNFs, OMMT, kenaf and epoxy matrix. The obtained results revealed that OMMT and CNFs based kenaf/epoxy composites can be an efficient alternative for construction applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116248
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellulose nano fibers
  • Dynamic mechanical properties
  • Kenaf fibers
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nanoclay
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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