Effect of fiber surface treatment on the mechanical, morphological, and dynamic mechanical properties of palm petiole fiber/LLDPE composites

Nedjla Debabeche, Oumkeltoum Kribaa, Hamida Boussehel, Belhi Guerira, Mohammad Jawaid, Hassan Fouad, M. A. Azeem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study examines the influence of successive treatments on the fiber surface (NaOH, hydrogen peroxide, and acetic anhydride). The palm petiole fibers were incorporated as reinforcement in linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) composites with a loading of 15 wt% and evaluated for mechanical, morphological, and dynamic mechanical properties. The effect of treatments on fiber surfaces has been confirmed using FTIR. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results showed that the enhanced interfacial adhesion between the fibers and the matrix makes treated composites more rigid and homogeneous, which means that the fibers are distributed uniformly. The tensile modulus and flexural strength were all enhanced by adding 15% of untreated palm petiole fibers recorded at 598 MPa and 15.56 MPa, respectively, while the tensile strength was decreased. Palm-petiole fiber composites’ storage modulus increased, and the acetylated-alkali fiber (FNA) reinforced LLDPE composite showed the highest storage modulus. Loss modulus increased when palm petiole fibers were strengthened. The Tan delta of composites made from palm petiole fibers was low initially but expanded with fiber addition. We concluded that successive treatments improve the performance of the palm petiole fiber residue and have the potential to create a new type of sustainable and eco-friendly material for various applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemical treatment
  • Dynamic mechanical
  • Linear low-density polyethylene
  • Mechanical
  • Morphological
  • Palm petiole fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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