Effect of market-based regulations on corporate carbon disclosure and carbon performance: global evidence

Md Abubakar Siddique, Khaled Aljifri, MD Shahadut Hossain, Tonmoy Choudhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, the authors examine the relationships between market-based regulations and corporate carbon disclosure and carbon performance. The authors also investigate whether these relationships vary across emission-intensive and non-emission intensive industries. Design/methodology/approach: The study sample consists of the world's 500 largest companies across most major industries over a recent five-year period. Country-specific random effect multiple regression analysis is used to test empirical models that predict relationships between market-based regulations and carbon disclosure and carbon performance. Findings: Results indicate that market-based regulations significantly and positively affect corporate carbon performance. However, market-based regulations do not significantly affect corporate carbon disclosure. This study also finds that the association between regulatory pressures and carbon disclosure and carbon performance varies across emission-intensive and non-emission-intensive industries. Research limitations/implications: The findings of this study have key implications for policymakers, practitioners and future researchers in terms of understanding the factors that drive businesses to increase their carbon performance and disclosure. The study sample consists of only large firms, and future researchers can undertake similar studies with small and medium-sized firms. Practical implications: The results of this study are expected to help business managers to identify the benefits of adopting market-based regulations. Regulators can use this study’s results to evaluate if market-based regulations effectively improve corporate carbon performance and disclosure. Furthermore, stakeholders may use this study to evaluate and improve their businesses' reporting of carbon disclosure and performance. Originality/value: In contrast to current literature that has used command and control regulations as a proxy for regulation, this study uses market-based regulations as a proxy for climate change regulations. In addition, this study uses a more comprehensive measure of carbon disclosure and carbon performance compared to the previous studies. It also uses global multi-sector data from carbon disclosure project (CDP) in contrast to most current studies that use national data from annual reports of sample firms of specific sectors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Accounting Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Carbon disclosure
  • Carbon performance
  • Industry emission intensity
  • Market-based regulations
  • Regulations
  • Regulatory pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Information Systems and Management

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of market-based regulations on corporate carbon disclosure and carbon performance: global evidence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this