Effect of nanofiller content on dynamic mechanical and thermal properties of multi‐walled carbon nanotube and montmorillonite nanoclay filler hybrid shape memory epoxy composites

Muhamad Hasfanizam Mat Yazik, Mohamed Thariq Hameed Sultan, Mohammad Jawaid, Abd Rahim Abu Talib, Norkhairunnisa Mazlan, Ain Umaira Md Shah, Syafiqah Nur Azrie Safri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study has been to evaluate the effect of hybridization of montmorillonite (MMT) and multi‐walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) on the thermal and viscoelastic properties of shape memory epoxy polymer (SMEP) nanocomposites. In this study, ultra‐sonication was utilized to disperse 1%, 3%, and 5% MMT in combination with 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5% MWCNT into the epoxy system. The fabricated SMEP hybrid nanocomposites were characterized via differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis. The storage modulus (E’), loss modulus (E”), tan δ, decomposition temperature, and decomposition rate, varied upon the addition of the fillers. Tan δ indicated a reduction of glass transition temperature (Tg) for all the hybrid SMEP nanocomposites. 3% MMT/1% MWCNT displayed best overall performance compared to other hybrid filler concentrations and indicated a better mechanical property compared to neat SMEP. These findings open a way to develop novel high‐performance composites for various potential applications, such as morphing structures and actuators, as well as biomedical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number700
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cure behaviour
  • DMA
  • DSC
  • MMT
  • MWCNT
  • Smart materials
  • TGA
  • Thermal
  • Thermal analysis
  • Thermomechanical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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