Effect of pH, Surfactant, and Temperature on Mixed-Phase Structure and Band Gap Properties of BiNbO4 Nanoparticles Prepared Using Different Routes

Maram Bakiro, Salwa Hussein Ahmed, Ahmed Alzamly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

α-and β-BiNbO4 nanoparticles were successfully prepared using three different routes, namely co-precipitation, hydrothermal, and citrate precursor methods. Structural characterization has been analyzed using powder X-ray diffraction where results confirmed the mixed-phase nature of the prepared powders. When co-precipitation method is applied, BiNbO4 prepared at pH 2 and calcined at 750 C shows predominately the α-BiNbO4 owning the narrowest band gap of 2.86 eV, whereas an increase in the pH value resulted in the β-BiNbO4 phase being the predominant phase. On the other hand, samples prepared using citrate precursor method show co-existence of both α-and β-BiNbO4 at all pH values under study; however, at pH 10 the β-BiNbO4 was the dominant phase exhibiting a higher bandgap energy value of 3.16 eV. When applying the hydrothermal approach, BiNbO4 prepared at all pH ranges of the present study show a band gap >3.2 eV indicating their activity in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum. Moreover, increasing calcination temperature to 900 C, a gradual transformation of α-to β was observed. Lastly, it was noticed that as the lattice volume increases, the band gap of prepared BiNbO4 decreases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-110
Number of pages22
JournalChemistry (Switzerland)
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • BiNbO
  • bandgap
  • citrate precursor
  • co-precipitation
  • hydrothermal
  • visible light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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