Effect of resin content and pressure on the performance properties of rubberwood-kenaf composite Board Panel

Majid Dehghan Nayeri, Paridah Md Tahir, Mohammad Jawaid, Jalaluddin Harun, Luqman Chuah Abdullah, Edi Suhaimi Bakar, Samaneh Keshani, Farideh Namvar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The possibility of manufacturing rubberwood and kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) stem medium density fibreboard (MDF) panels at different pressure and resin content were investigated. The effect of mechanisms of interacted independent variables (resin content and pressure) on MDF properties was analyzed. The board performance was evaluated by measuring internal bond (IB) strength, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), water absorption (WA) and thickness swell (TS). The test results were statistically analyzed by using response surface method (RSM) to determine the significant independent variables that influenced MDF properties. A mathematical simulation or response surface models were developed to predict the MDF properties (MOR, MOE, IB, WA and TS). The obtained results showed that MDF density and all interactions between the experimental variables were significant factors that influenced the mechanical properties of MDF. At 8 bar and 14 % resin content, the MDF recorded WA of 83.12 % and TS of 20.2 %. It can be inferred that two parameters (resin content and pressure) had positive effect on physical and mechanical properties of MDF. We concluded that resin content show more significant effects on MDF manufacturing as compared to pressure parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1263-1269
Number of pages7
JournalFibers and Polymers
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Composites
  • Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) fibre
  • Medium density fibreboard
  • Processing optimization
  • Rubberwood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics


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