Effect of surface modified date palm fibre loading on mechanical, thermal properties of date palm reinforced phenolic composites

M. Asim, M. Jawaid, H. Fouad, O. Y. Alothman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


In this research NaOH treated date palm fibres were used as reinforcement in phenolic based composites. The composites were prepared by hot press technique and evaluated tensile flexural, structural, thermo gravimetric dynamic mechanical properties. Overall properties of modification/treatment of fibers’ surface enhanced, that have been studied as compared to untreated samples. The treated samples of 50% DPF composites showed highest Tensile properties among all composites but flexural properties declined compared to the untreated composites but this decline is very less. Fibre treatment showed declined properties of three point bending of DPF composites. Scanning Electron Microscopy studied the behavior of fibre and matrix bonding before and after treatment. Treated 50% DPF showed better fibre distribution, 60% DPF showed void content however 40%DPF showed poor fibre/matrix interfacial bonding. Thermogravimetric analysis studied the behavior of Treated DPF/Phenolic composites at high temperature, and found thermal stability enhanced because good interfacial bonding. Dynamic mechanical analysis showed that stability at stress of material with temperature and also studied the energy dissipation and internal friction. Treated 50%DPF showed better properties due to the ratio of mixing of fibre/matrix and better interfacial bonding. DPF composite have potential to use for exterior applications and false wall and roof.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113913
JournalComposite Structures
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Date palm fibre
  • Fibre treatment
  • Mechanical properties
  • Phenolic resin
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy and Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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