Effect of TIG welding parameters on 316 L stainless steel joints using taguchi L27 approach

Samir Khrais, Awsan Mohammed, Ahmad Abdel Al, Tariq Darabseh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The AISI 316 L stainless steel was welded using Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding, utilizing ternary shielding gases Argon (Ar), Helium (He), and Nitrogen (N2). This study aimed to assess the effects of these ternary shielding gases on the microstructure, bead profile, and bead appearance. It provides a comprehensive grasp of welding parameters’ interplay with shielding gas compositions, enabling engineers to make informed choices that significantly influence the excellence, productivity, and lastingness of the welding process. The Taguchi L-27 approach was employed, incorporating different contents of N2 (2.5 vol. % to 7.5 vol. %) and He (10 vol. % to 30 vol. %) within the Ar shielding gas composition. Additionally, welding current intensities, ranging from 120 A to 180 A, were also used in the experiment. The results demonstrated that higher content of He and N2 resulted in elevated levels of austenite-forming elements. Therefore, for TIG welding at the arc current intensity of 150 A, it is recommended to utilize the shielding gas mixtures (2.5 vol. % N2 + 10 vol. % He + 87.5 vol. % Ar). Furthermore, by augmenting the content of both N2 and He within the Ar shielding gas mixture, in addition to adjusting the arc current, a notable expansion in both the width and depth of the weld profile was achieved. This achievement, in turn, played a pivotal role in securing comprehensive fusion throughout the welding process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number016512
JournalMaterials Research Express
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • AISI 316 L stainless steel
  • TIG welding
  • bead profile
  • microstructure
  • ternary shielding gas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of TIG welding parameters on 316 L stainless steel joints using taguchi L27 approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this