Effect of TiO2 Nanofiller Concentration on the Mechanical, Thermal and Biological Properties of HDPE/TiO2 Nanocomposites

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The necessity for advanced and effective biomimetic tissue engineering materials has increased massively as bone diseases such as osteoporosis and bone cancer have become a major public health problem. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles-enriched high-density polyethylene (HDPE) nanocomposites that could serve as potential biomaterials. HDPE/TiO2 nanocomposites with varying TiO2 nanoparticles content were fabricated by using injection molding technique and were subjected to mechanical, thermal and biological characterization. SEM–EDS analysis confirmed even dispersion of TiO2 nanoparticles into the HDPE matrix. It was observed from the mechanical testing that the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles to HDPE noticeably improved the stiffness (from 345 to 378 MPa) while maintaining almost similar yield strength of pure HDPE. The thermal analyses revealed that TiO2 nanoparticles inclusion to HDPE matrix enhanced the thermal stability of nanocomposites, as the overall rate of crystallization increased by almost 4%. Furthermore, biocompatibility of nanocomposites was also studied by means of various cell culture experiments; human osteoblasts (hFOB) were seeded on the HDPE/TiO2 nanocomposites and were visualized through SEM after 72 h of incubation; surface morphology revealed normal cell growth and spreading with more attachment on PNC-10 that contains 10 wt.% of TiO2. Moreover, cell viability assays (i.e., MTT and cell attachment) revealed consistent increase in cell count and metabolic activity when triplicate cultures were incubated for 1, 3 and 7 days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2166-2181
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • HDPE/TiO nanocomposites
  • biocompatibility
  • cell attachment
  • crystallinity
  • human osteoblasts
  • nanofillers
  • proliferation
  • stiffness
  • yield strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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