Effect of various solvents on the absorption spectra of dithizone and DFT calculations

M. A. Rauf, S. Hisaindee, J. P. Graham, A. Al-Zamly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract The electronic absorption spectra of dithizone were recorded in various solvents and the absorption maxima of the dye were found to be dependent on solvent polarity. The molecule showed two absorption peaks in the visible region, the higher wavelength band was assigned to the keto form and the lower wavelength band is an overlap of the enol and the keto forms. The absorption data fitted well to Kamlet-Abboud-Taft equation. Studies done in a binary mixture of solvents (acetone + i-PrOH and dichloromethane + i-PrOH) showed that the probe molecule tends to form a hydrogen-bonding solvated complex with the more polar solvent. The values of preferential solvation constant (KPS) were also calculated and it was found that the solute molecule preferentially solvated in i-PrOH. DFT calculations showed that the keto form absorbance occurred at 608 nm and was assigned to n → π∗transition. The first-excited state electron densities suggested that the excited state was favorably stabilized in less polar solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4995
Pages (from-to)332-337
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Publication statusPublished - Jul 27 2015


  • Absorption spectra
  • DFT calculations
  • Dithizone
  • Kamlet-Abboud-Taft equation
  • Preferential solvation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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