Effect of whey protein isolate addition on set-type camel milk yogurt: Rheological properties and biological activities of the bioaccessible fraction

Abdelmoneim H. Ali, Maitha Alsalmi, Rodah Alshamsi, Mohammed Tarique, Gafar Bamigbade, Imtisal Zahid, Muhammad Hamza Nazir, Muhammad Waseem, Basim Abu-Jdayil, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Thom Huppertz, Mutamed Ayyash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The manufacture of camel milk (CM) yogurt has been associated with several challenges, such as the weak structure and watery texture, thereby decreasing its acceptability. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of whey protein isolate (WPI) addition on the health-promoting benefits, texture profile, and rheological properties of CM yogurt after 1 and 15 d of storage. Yogurt was prepared from CM supplemented with 0, 3, and 5% of WPI and compared with bovine milk yogurt. The results show that the water holding capacity was affected by WPI addition representing 31.3%, 56.8%, 64.7%, and 45.1% for yogurt from CM containing 0, 3 or 5% WPI, and bovine milk yogurt, respectively, after 15 d. The addition of WPI increased yogurt hardness, adhesiveness, and decreased the resilience. CM yogurt without WPI showed lower apparent viscosity, storage modulus, and loss modulus values compared with other samples. The supplementation of CM with WPI improved the rheological properties of the obtained yogurt. Furthermore, the antioxidant activities of yogurt before and after in vitro digestion varied among yogurt treatments, which significantly increased after digestion except the superoxide anion scavenging and lipid oxidation inhibition. After in vitro digestion at d 1, the superoxide anion scavenging of the 4 yogurt treatments respectively decreased from 83.7%, 83.0%, 79.1%, and 87.4% to 36.7%, 38.3%, 44.6%, and 41.3%. The inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, cholesterol removal, and degree of hydrolysis exhibited different values before and after in vitro digestion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8221-8238
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume106
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • camel milk yogurt
  • health-promoting benefits
  • in vitro digestion
  • rheological properties
  • whey protein isolate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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