Background/aims: To study the changes in wavefront (ocular) and corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs) and visual acuity (VA) outcome following wavefront-guided advanced surface ablation (ASA) techniques and intralase femtosecond LASIK (iLASIK) in myopia treatment. Methods: Ocular aberration and corneal topography of 240 eyes in the ASA techniques (this was equally divided into a flap-on group where the epithelial flap was preserved and reapplied to the photoablated stromal bed and a flap-off group when the epithelial flap was discarded during the procedure), and 138 eyes in the iLASIK group were obtained before and 3. months following treatment. The correlation of aberrations with best spectacle-corrected visual acuity was analyzed. Results: At 3. months, there was statistically significant (P< 0.001) surgically induced increase in spherical aberration (SA) in each of the techniques for both ocular and corneal analysis. iLASIK induced significantly less ocular and corneal HOAs (P< 0.001). The mean manifest refractive spherical equivalent was closer to attempted correction compared to other groups (P< 0.001). Eighty-three eyes (70%) of flap-on, 80 (67%) flap-off and 94 eyes (68%) in the iLASIK group achieved 20/20 uncorrected VA. Fifteen eyes (11%) accomplished 20/12.5 or better in iLASIK compared to 4 (3%) for flap-on and 7 (6%) for flap-off ASA group. Only the flap-off treatment showed a consistent correlation between the corrected aberrations and visual performance. Conclusion: At 3. months, all procedures resulted in a significant increase in HOAs and SA. All had comparable 20/20 VA and 11% of iLASIK patients achieved 20/12.5 or better level.
- Advanced corneal surface ablation
- Excimer laser
- Higher order aberrations
- Visual acuity
ASJC Scopus subject areas