Effects of commercial processing on levels of antioxidants in oats (Avena sativa L.)

Susanne Bryngelsson, Lena H. Dimberg, Afaf Kamal-Eldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of various commercial hydrothermal processes (steaming, autoclaving, and drum drying) on levels of selected oat antioxidants were investigated. Steaming and flaking of dehulled oat groats resulted in moderate losses of tocotrienols, caffeic acid, and the avenanthramide Bp (N-(4′-hydroxy)(E)-cinnamoyl-5-hydroxy-anthranilic acid), while ferulic acid and vanillin increased. The tocopherols and the avenanthramides Bc (N-(3′,4′-dihydroxy-(E)-cinnamoyl-5-hydroxy-anthranilic acid) and Bf (N-(4′-hydroxy-3′-methoxy)-(E)-cinnamoyl-5-hydroxy-anthranilic acid) were not affected by steaming. Autoclaving of grains (including the hulls) caused increased levels of all tocopherols and tocotrienols analyzed except β-tocotrienol, which was not affected. Vanillin and ferulic and p-coumaric acids also increased, whereas the avenanthramides decreased, and caffeic acid was almost completely eliminated. Drum drying of steamed rolled oats resulted in an almost complete loss of tocopherols and tocotrienols, as well as a large decrease in total cinnamic acids and avenanthramides. The same process applied to wholemeal made from groats from autoclaved grains resulted in less pronounced losses, especially for the avenanthramides which were not significantly affected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1890-1896
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Mar 27 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidants
  • Avena sativa
  • Avenanthramides
  • Caffeic acid
  • Ferulic acid
  • Hydrothermal processing
  • Oat
  • Tocopherols
  • Tocotrienols
  • Vanillin
  • p-coumaric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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