Electrochemical behavior of Cr-Mo steel alloy in high temperature aqueous sodium chloride solution

Fathy M. Bayoumi, W. A. Ghanem, B. G. Ateya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The electrochemical behavior of a low alloy steel (Fe-2.25 Cr-1Mo) was investigated in 1 m NaCl over a range of temperatures (75-250°C) with various levels of contaminations with CuCl2. The change in free corrosion potential with time and the anodic and cathodic potentiodynamic polarization were measured. Cyclic potentiodynamic polarization was also measured on a previously corroded electrodes for different times (7 and 72 hrs) either in the same or in a fresh electrolyte. The results revealed that the corrosion potential is shifted, at all temperatures, towards more noble values to an extent which increases with the concentration of CuCl2. The cathodic current density also increases as the concentration of CuCl2 increases. CuCl2 acts as cathodic depolarizer. It undergoes electrodeposition leading to the formation of Cu metal onto the corrosion product, which becomes less adherent and less protective. Most of this Cu metal falls off the alloy surface along with the spalled corrosion product. The shift in the corrosion potential towards more noble values with the increase in the precorrosion time, in absence of Cu2+ ions, indicates that the corrosion product which forms protect the surface against further attack. In the presence of Cu2+ ions, the passivation occurred after the effect of copper is diminished.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-267
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Aqueous saline
  • Corrosion
  • Electrochemistry
  • High pressure
  • High temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry


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