Textile industry effluents are heavily contaminated with dyes. The discharge of these toxic dyes into waterbodies poses a serious threat to aquatic flora and fauna. The ultimate entrance of these toxins from thereon into the food chain affects the primary and secondary consumers. Therefore, the adoption of a sustainable solution for protection against the detrimental effects associated with adulterated water is an immediate need of the hour. To address the severity of the issue, the present work aims to design an electrochemical sensing platform by modifying the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with zinc oxide nanoparticles and amino group-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (NH2-fMWCNTs) for the detection of Orange II, which is a toxic azo dye. Zinc oxide nanoparticles facilitate electron transfer between the transducer and the analyte. While, the positively charged NH2-fMWCNTs in acidic medium help in preconcentration of negatively charged analyte molecules at the electrode/electrolyte interface. The modification of the GCE catalyzed the oxidation of Orange II, as evidenced by the negative shift of the oxidation potential and enhancement in peak current intensity. Square wave voltammetry was used to optimize various experimental conditions, such as the supporting electrolyte, pH of the electrolyte, deposition potential, and deposition time for the best performance of the designed sensor. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limit and quantification of the designed sensor were found to be 0.57 and 1.92 nM, respectively. The catalytic degradation studies of Orange II was shown to be facilitated by titanium dioxide, which acted as a photocatalyst. The addition of hydrogen peroxide further promoted the extent and rate of degradation of dye. The breakdown of Orange II was probed by the designed sensing platform electrochemically and also by UV-visible spectroscopy. The dye degraded up to 92% by following pseudo-first-order kinetics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)