Emotional reactions to perceived injustice: Anger, Envy or Sadness?

Abdul Karim Khan, Samina Quratulain, Naheed Sultana, Jean Marie Peretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Organizational justice research has mainly focused on attitudinal, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. Although the roles of emotions are often discussed in justice theories, they have been largely underresearched. The objective of current study was to examine the emotional reactions of employees to perceived injustice, in a field setting. The study analyzed the emotional responses of employees (N= 408) to decision of annual salary raise. The study, being conducted on employees of different sectors of Pakistan, measured the employees' perceptions of justice (distributive and procedural) and feeling of emotions (Anger, Envy, and Sadness) after the announcement of annual salary raise. We found that sadness was more strongly related to perceptions of injustice as compared to anger and envy. Generally, the results found support for our hypotheses. We concluded with limitations and directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-138
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Anger
  • Distributive Justice
  • Envy
  • Procedural Justice
  • Sadness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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