Endometrial tuberculosis among patients undergoing endometrial biopsy at Tikur Anbesa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Sileshi Abdissa, Tamrat Abebe, Gobena Ameni, Sisay Teklu, Yonas Bekuretsion, Markos Abebe, Adane Mihret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is known to cause severe tubal disease leading to infertility and its incidence closely parallels with the overall prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in a community. Its magnitude is underreported because diagnosis is difficult and requires invasive techniques. In this study we determined the prevalence of endometrial tuberculosis and characterized isolates among women who underwent endometrial biopsy for evaluation of various conditions at a Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TAHS), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 152 consecutive gynecologic patients who underwent endometrial biopsy for different gynecologic diseases. Endometrial tissue taken for routine histopathology examination was shared after informed consent was obtained from the patient and subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Results: The prevalence of endometrial TB in this study by IS1081PCR was 4.6% (7/152) while culture proven endometrial TB was 2.6% (4/152). However, histological examination identified only 2/152 (1.3%) endometrial tuberculosis. While all culture proven TB samples were also PCR positive for Mtb, only one histologic proven endometrial TB was culture and PCR positive. All of the four isolates by culture were M. tuberculosis. Conclusion: This study has shown that the magnitude of endometrial TB is fairly high in gynecologic patients visiting outpatient departments for various complaints and PCR detects more cases than culture or Histopathology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number304
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 5 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Endometrium
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases


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