Energy security index of Pakistan (ESIOP)

Fahad Bin Abdullah, Rizwan Iqbal, Mohammad Jawaid, Imran Memon, Shoaib Mughal, Falak Shad Memon, Syed Safdar Ali Rizvi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents an assessment of Pakistan's energy security performance by measuring its Energy Security Index (ESIOP) for the years 1991–2040. The ESIOP consists of 39 indicators finalized by discrimination analysis, reliability testing and weighted through principal component analysis (PCA). On the basis of results, Pakistan's energy security performance shows a declining trend at a moderate level between 1991 and 2020 followed by an upward trend until 2040. The analysis shows that Pakistan's current policy is not effective in improving performance owing to its high import dependence and governance issues. As a result, Pakistan is vulnerable, therefore appropriate means of identifying risks in the energy mix and their correlation in energy planning and energy security may be improved upon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100710
JournalEnergy Strategy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Cronbach alpha
  • Energy security
  • Index
  • Principal component analysis
  • Standard deviation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy (miscellaneous)


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