Energy-SLA-aware genetic algorithm for edge–cloud integrated computation offloading in vehicular networks

Huned Materwala, Leila Ismail, Raed M. Shubair, Rajkumar Buyya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET) is an emerging technology that enables a comfortable, safe, and efficient travel experience by providing mechanisms to execute applications related to traffic congestions, road accidents, autonomous driving, and entertainment. The mobile vehicles in VANET are characterized by low computational and storage capabilities. In such scenarios, to meet applications’ performance requirements, requests from vehicles are offloaded to edge and cloud servers. The high energy consumption of these servers increases operating costs and threatens the environment. Energy-aware offloading strategies have been introduced to tackle this problem. Existing works on computation offloading focus on optimizing the energy consumption of either the IoT devices/mobile/vehicles and/or the edge servers. This paper proposes a novel offloading algorithm that optimizes the energy of edge–cloud integrated computing platforms based on Evolutionary Genetic Algorithm (EGA) while maintaining applications’ Service Level Agreement (SLA). The proposed algorithm employs an adaptive penalty function to incorporate the optimization constraints within EGA. Comparative analysis and numerical experiments are carried out between the proposed algorithm, random and genetic algorithm-based offloading, and no offloading baseline approaches. On average, the results show than the proposed algorithm saves 2.97 times and 1.37 times more energy that the random and no offloading algorithms respectively. Our algorithm has 0.3% of violations versus 52.8% and 62.8% by the random and no offloading approaches respectively. While the energy-non-SLA-aware genetic algorithm saves, on average, 1.22 times more energy than our approach, however, it violates SLAs by 159 times more than our proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-222
Number of pages18
JournalFuture Generation Computer Systems
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Computation offloading
  • Edge–cloud computing
  • Energy-efficiency
  • Evolutionary genetic optimization algorithm
  • Quality of service (QoS)
  • Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


Dive into the research topics of 'Energy-SLA-aware genetic algorithm for edge–cloud integrated computation offloading in vehicular networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this