Enhancement of morphological, anatomical and physiological characteristics of seedlings of the mangrove Avicennia marina inoculated with a native phosphate-solubilizing isolate of Oceanobacillus picturae under greenhouse conditions

Khaled A. El-Tarabily, Tarek Youssef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One hundred and twenty-nine rock phosphate (RP) solubilizing bacteria were isolated from the mangrove Avicennia marina rhizosphere sediment deficient in available phosphorus (P), in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Among these isolates, an outstanding isolate of Oceanobacillus picturae grown in Pikovskaya's liquid medium amended with RP, caused the highest percentage of RP solubilization (97%), the most pronounced drop in the medium pH and produced a variety of organic acids, as well as acid and alkaline phosphatases. Greenhouse experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of sediment inoculation with O. picturae (Op) with or without RP amendment on the growth, nutrient uptake, conducting tissue and photosynthetic gas exchange characteristics of mangrove seedlings. The application of Op to sediments amended with RP significantly promoted the growth of roots and shoots of seedlings compared with those grown in sediment amended with RP only. O. picturae significantly increased available sediment P, decreased sediment pH, positively enhanced nutrient uptake parameters in roots and shoots, increased stem circumference, number of xylem vessels, mean xylem diameter, and the hydraulically weighted xylem vessel diameter, compared with plants grown in non-inoculated sediment amended with only RP. Mechanistic analysis of A:Ci response curves (Assimilation versus sub-stomatal CO2 concentration) showed that photosynthetic gas exchange characteristics were significantly enhanced by Op + RP treatment compared with RP alone or control treatment. The maximal Rubisco-catalyzed carboxylation velocity (Vc,max), increased by more than two fold in plants treated with RP + Op, over the control. Application of Op + RP greatly increased the maximal electron transport rate values (Jmax) by 185%, over the control plants. In addition, the triose phosphate utilization rate (VTPU) increased three fold in plants treated with RP + Op over the control. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published report of Op from mangrove sediments and also the first report of this organism as a phosphate-solubilizing bacterium. These results have clearly shown that Op has the potential to be applied as an effective and economical treatment in association with RP amendment for mangrove reforestation programs in arid environments such as those found in the UAE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-162
Number of pages16
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume332
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Arabian Gulf
  • Biological fertilizers
  • Nutrient availability
  • Nutrient uptake
  • Oceanobacillus picturae
  • Plant growth-promoting bacteria
  • Plant nutrition
  • Rhizosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancement of morphological, anatomical and physiological characteristics of seedlings of the mangrove Avicennia marina inoculated with a native phosphate-solubilizing isolate of Oceanobacillus picturae under greenhouse conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this