Enhancing heat transfer in parallel-plate channels by using porous inserts

M. K. Alkam, M. A. Al-Nimr, M. O. Hamdan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Citations (Scopus)


In the present work, transient forced convection in the developing region of parallel-plate ducts is numerically investigated. A high-thermal conductivity porous substrate is attached to the inner wall of one plate in order to enhance the heat transfer characteristics of the flow under consideration. The Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer model is used to model the flow inside the porous domain. The present study reports the effect of several operating parameters on the flow hydrodynamics and thermal characteristics. Mainly, the current study demonstrates the effects of porous layer thickness, Darcy number, thermal conductivity ratio, and microscopic inertial coefficient on the thermal performance of the present flow. It is found that the highest Nusselt Number is achieved at fully porous duct. Results show that for Darcy number less than 10-4, the effect of microscopic inertial coefficient can be eliminated while for large microscopic inertial coefficient, higher than 103, the effect of Darcy number is observed to be insignificant. Heat transfer can be enhanced by: (1) using high thermal conductivity inserts, (2) decreasing Darcy number, and (3) increasing microscopic inertial coefficient. Also, the study shows that in the developing region, Darcy number and microscopic inertial coefficient have higher effect on the thermal and hydrodynamic behavior of the flow than that in the fully developed region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-938
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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