Ethical forethoughts on the use of artificial intelligence in medicine

Bassem T. Elhassan, Alya A. Arabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to illuminate the ethical concerns associated with the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the medical sector and to provide solutions that allow deriving maximum benefits from this technology without compromising ethical principles. Design/methodology/approach: This paper provides a comprehensive overview of AI in medicine, exploring its technical capabilities, practical applications, and ethical implications. Based on our expertise, we offer insights from both technical and practical perspectives. Findings: The study identifies several advantages of AI in medicine, including its ability to improve diagnostic accuracy, enhance surgical outcomes, and optimize healthcare delivery. However, there are pending ethical issues such as algorithmic bias, lack of transparency, data privacy issues, and the potential for AI to deskill healthcare professionals and erode humanistic values in patient care. Therefore, it is important to address these issues as promptly as possible to make sure that we benefit from the AI’s implementation without causing any serious drawbacks. Originality/value: This paper gains its value from the combined practical experience of Professor Elhassan gained through his practice at top hospitals worldwide, and the theoretical expertise of Dr. Arabi acquired from international institutes. The shared experiences of the authors provide valuable insights that are beneficial for raising awareness and guiding action in addressing the ethical concerns associated with the integration of artificial intelligence in medicine.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Ethics and Systems
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Challenges
  • Ethics
  • Solutions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Economics and Econometrics


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