We reported a 22-year-old Emirati male with autosomal recessive primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy caused by a possibly pathogenic homozygous non-synonymous variant in the SLCO2A1 gene (NM_005630.3: c.289C>T, p. Arg97Cys) presenting with joint swelling, forehead furrowing, and significant clubbing in all fingers and toes. Currently, no standard treatments are approved for this disease; medical care is palliative and includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, tamoxifen, retinoids, and risedronate. Colchicine may be helpful for the pain due to subperiosteal new bone formation. Our patient was treated with etoricoxib 60 mg once daily and showed a significant clinical improvement at the 6-month mark that was reversed upon the withdrawal of this medication. This case report highlights the importance of placing etoricoxib among first-line therapy recommendations for cases with confirmed primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only case of primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy from the Middle Eastern population of Arab ethnicity that has responded to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy.
- autosomal recessive primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
- digital clubbing
- SLCO2A1 gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine