Evaluation of the biomass "date stones" as a fuel in furnaces: A comparison with coal combustion

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17 Citations (Scopus)


The present investigation gives insight into the potential of the biomass fuel "date stones" as an energy source for furnaces. This is accomplished by comparing combustion and heat transfer characteristics obtained in a furnace fueled with both fuels: date stones and a type of coal. The analysis of the two fuels investigated and the combustion experiments conducted reveal that date stones contain much volatile material that is released during the pyrolysis process, and ultimately burned under diffusion or partially premixed flame conditions. Heterogeneous reactions are found to be of lower importance in this case; contrasting the case of coal combustion. The results obtained highlight superiority of the date stones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)956-961
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009


  • Coal
  • Combustion
  • Date stones
  • Heat transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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