Evaluation of the long-term variability of seawater salinity and temperature in response to natural and anthropogenic stressors in the Arabian Gulf

Abubaker Elhakeem, Walid Elshorbagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evaluating the long-term variability of the seawater salinity and temperature due to climate change is a limiting economical and operational factor in planning the design of new and expansion of existing desalination plants. This need is amplified in the Arabian Gulf due to the natural arid climate and anthropological stresses related to energy exploration and ongoing major developments. The lack of data in this region further adds additional dimension to the problem. The present work represents a systematic innovative approach to evaluate the anticipated long-term changes in the seawater salinity and temperature under the stresses of projected climate change and massive industrial effluents using statistical correlation and hydrodynamic simulation. The proposed approach employs the direct relation between the net freshwater losses (evaporation) entrenched with the investigated stressors and the mean sea salinity and sea temperature variation of an inverse estuary to formulate the statistical correlation and the hydrodynamic simulation conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-359
Number of pages5
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume76
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Arabian Gulf
  • Climate change
  • Desalination
  • Hydrodynamic simulation
  • Statistical regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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