Complete ureteric occlusion produces various pathophysiological changes that can be monitored externally by technetium 99m diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (99mTc-DTPA) diuretic renography (RDR). Being a dynamic imaging study, it reflects the function of the kidneys and the urodynamics of the urinary tract. The aim of this study was to correlate the changes in parameters of RDR with the histological changes before and after the release of complete ureteric occlusion. In 9 sheep, RDR studies were performed serially after various periods of complete ureteric occlusion (up to 7 weeks) and after release of the occlusion (up to 5 weeks). The histological changes were correlated with changes in RDR. The progressive decrease in renal flow seen on renal images and flow time-activity curves (TACs) was explained by the development of endarteritis and thrombosis of small renal arteries. The progressive decrease in the renal uptake as indicated by the percentage renal uptake and the extraction slope of TAC is related to the progressive damage to the renal parenchyma, initially affecting the collecting ducts and tubules, with increasing interstitial fibrosis in the later stages. Obstruction for 3 weeks or less was associated with moderate damage to the parenchyma from which recovery was possible. Obstruction for 7 weeks was associated with marked damage without chance of recovery. The RDR is a non-invasive technique that can be used to monitor kidney damage after various periods of complete ureteric occlusion and to predict the outcome of surgery before the release of occlusion.
- Experimental ureteric obstruction
- Obstructive uropathy
- Radio-nuclide diuretic renography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging