Experimental cyclic loading of concentric hss braces

Madhar Haddad, Tom Brown, Nigel Shrive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


During earthquake ground motion, diagonal braces in braced frames are subject to a series of cyclic loadings, alternately tension and compression. The brace can buckle and deform plastically, dissipating energy with damage accumulating in the steel. Eventually a crack may form and the brace fractures. To optimize energy dissipation, the effects of brace and gusset plate dimensions (thickness and length of the gusset plate, size of the brace, length of the brace), and material properties, on brace behaviour, need to be understood. Ten concentric bracing members, designed according to the weak brace - strong gusset concept, were tested. The objective was to investigate the effects of displacement history, brace effective slenderness ratio, and brace width/thickness ratio, on the hysteresis behaviour of bracing members. Displacement history was found to affect energy dissipation and fracture life. The effects of increasing the gusset plate thickness on the energy dissipation and the fracture life is not the same as reducing the effective slenderness ratio of the bracing member resulted from reducing the length of the HSS. New fracture life and energy life equations are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-123
Number of pages14
JournalCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Concentric braces
  • Energy dissipation
  • Energy life
  • Experimental
  • Fracture life
  • Seismic
  • Steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Environmental Science


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