Experimental investigation on ductile stable crack growth emanating from wire-cut notch in AISI 4340 steel

A. H.I. Mourad, M. J. Alghafri, O. A. Abu Zeid, S. K. Maiti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


An experimental investigation on the stable crack growth (SCG) behaviour in AISI 4340 using CT type specimen with a sharp slit (0.05 mm) under mode I and mixed modes (I and II) loading is presented. The slit was made in the specimen through wire cutting technique. Different combinations of loading angle φ and ratio of original crack length to specimen width (a0/W) are examined. Data concerned with direction of initial crack extension, load-load line displacement (L-LLD) diagrams, initiation and maximum loads, range of stable crack growth, crack tip blunting, crack front geometry, fracture surfaces and their scanning electron micrographs are obtained. A noticeable blunting effect is observed prior to crack initiation. Although the crack initiates from a straight front, a considerable front tunnelling effect occurs as the crack extends. Under mixed mode, the crack extension takes place initially almost along a straight path, inclined with the main crack. The loading angle and initial crack length affect the initiation (Pi) and maximum (P max) loads significantly, but the ratio between Pmax and Pi remains almost constant. The direction of initial stable crack extension due to mixed mode loading is determined throughout an elastic finite element analysis. There is a good agreement between the experimental and predicted results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-647
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental investigation on ductile stable crack growth emanating from wire-cut notch in AISI 4340 steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this