Exploiting fungi in bioremediation for cleaning-up emerging pollutants in aquatic ecosystems

Synan F. AbuQamar, Hassan I. Abd El-Fattah, Maha M. Nader, Rashed A. Zaghloul, Taia A. Abd El-Mageed, Samy Selim, Belal A. Omar, Walid F. Mosa, Ahmed M. Saad, Khaled A. El-Tarabily, Mohamed T. El-Saadony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aquatic pollution negatively affects water bodies, marine ecosystems, public health, and economy. Restoration of contaminated habitats has attracted global interest since protecting the health of marine ecosystems is crucial. Bioremediation is a cost-effective and eco-friendly way of transforming hazardous, resistant contaminants into environmentally benign products using diverse biological treatments. Because of their robust morphology and broad metabolic capabilities, fungi play an important role in bioremediation. This review summarizes the features employed by aquatic fungi for detoxification and subsequent bioremediation of different toxic and recalcitrant compounds in aquatic ecosystems. It also details how mycoremediation may convert chemically-suspended matters, microbial, nutritional, and oxygen-depleting aquatic contaminants into ecologically less hazardous products using multiple modes of action. Mycoremediation can also be considered in future research studies on aquatic, including marine, ecosystems as a possible tool for sustainable management, providing a foundation for selecting and utilizing fungi either independently or in microbial consortia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106068
JournalMarine Environmental Research
Volume190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Aquatic pollution
  • Environmental impacts
  • Fungi
  • Mechanism of action
  • Mycoremediation
  • Xenobiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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