Background and objectives: Despite the worldwide recognition of the importance of quality of life (QOL) assessment, research data on QOL for renal and liver transplant recipients are limited. The main objective of this study was to explore and compare QOL in renal and liver transplant patients. design and setting: This cross-sectional study was conducted at at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia. Patients and Methods: Saudis 16 years of age or more who received liver or renal transplantation at least three months before the study participated. QOL was evaluated using the World Health Organization QOL instrument (WHOQOL-BREF). results: Renal and liver transplant patients were highly or moderately satisfied with most circumstances of life. Using data for subjects in all WHO centers, renal and liver transplant patients domain scores in this study were significantly higher in the psychological health domain, social relations and environmental domain (P<.0001). The results also show that renal and liver transplant recipients who were male, or had higher education or who were employed had higher QOL scores. conclusions: This study found that both renal and liver transplant recipients achieved very high QOL domain scores as compared with international data. Lower QOL was significantly associated with social disadvantages, suggesting that these patients may require more focused attention and counselling following transplantation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine